The Central Pollution Control Board estimates that 87 cities and towns located in India’s coastal areas in nine states together emit more than 5.5 billion litres of wastewater per day, which is almost 80% of their total water supply (the estimate in million litres per day, or MLD, which is the measure that water resource and pollution control authorities use, is 5,560.99 MLD). It is a staggering volume of fluid, equivalent to a third of the total quantity of wastewater generated by 644 Class I cities and Class II towns in the entire country. It is also 2.5 times the volume of wastewater (about 2.2 billion litres/day) that the same 87 cities generated two decades ago. Of the 5.5 billion litres/day -- less than a tenth (521.51 MLD) -- is treated to any level before being released into coastal waters. The three states of Maharashtra (45%), West Bengal (26%) and Tamil Nadu (9%) account for the bulk of wastewater flushed into our coastal seas, while about 3.22 billion litres/day of wastewater flow into the Arabian Sea and about 2.33 billion litres/day flow into the Bay of Bengal.
News on IMO Website
More plastic than fish in the ocean
Did you know that by 2050 there could be more plastics in the ocean than fish, if human habits don’t change? The India Clean Seas Conference taking place in Goa, India (22-24 September), aims to discuss what needs to be done to keep the oceans clean. IMO’s Director of Marine Environment, Stefan Micallef delivered the opening address, highlighting daunting environmental challenges facing the oceans and how to develop sustainable solutions. Mr Micallef pointed out how IMO’s marine pollution conventionMARPOL has played a key role as a comprehensive, international treaty covering the prevention of both marine and atmospheric pollution by ships. To address the massive accumulation of plastics in the ocean, IMO has pioneered the prohibition of plastics disposal anywhere at sea, which took effect more than 25 years ago. The conference is hosting more than 40 distinguished panellists and speakers including scientists, solution providers and government representatives, working collectively to address the need to develop action plans to protect the world's oceans.
News on Norway Embassy Website
27.09.2016 // Did you know that there is an island of garbage twice the size of Texas in the Pacific Ocean? Or that the most common element found in the ocean is plastic? Appropriate measures are needed to keep the world’s waters clean, and this was the topic of the India Clean Seas Conference in Goa last week.
The India Clean Seas Conference (ICSC) is a leading industry event focused on bringing together strategic decision makers within the marine and oceanology markets. This years conference hosted more than 40 distinguished panelists and speakers, including scientists, domain experts, solution providers and government representatives.
The Norwegian Business Association, India (NBAI) along with Innovation Norway and the Norwegian Consulate General in Mumbai brought together a delegation of five Norwegian companies who supported the objectives and aims of the conference. The conference was an excellent platform for the companies to share their expertise with important stakeholders in India, and get an overview of new developments. The representing companies compromised of Kongsberg Maritime, Jotun, Goltens, Water Mist Engineering (WME) and Wallem Ship Management.
Guest of honour to the conference, Consul Tor A. Dahlstrøm from the Norwegian Consulate General in Mumbai, highlighted Norway’s and Norwegian companies’ contribution in sustaining healthy and safe marine ecosystems.
“Norway has adopted advanced measures in this field, and has ratified The Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships,” Mr. Dahlstrøm said.
In his address, Dahlstrøm also urged stakeholders to support the cause of the Versova beach clean-up in Mumbai.
Topics such as ocean dumping of waste and its treatment, environmental effects of deep-sea mining, green shipping and conservation of coastal habitats were touched upon in seminars and panel discussions at the conference. Knowing that by 2050, plastic would outdo fish in the oceans, the conference laid immense focus on replacing the use of plastic and treating plastic debris more effectively.
Seventy percent of the world is covered by water. The ocean influences weather, fuels economies, connects distant lands – and makes life on Earth possible. In September 2015, the 193 member states of the United Nations unanimously adopted the 2030 agenda for sustainable development. Norway welcomes the fact that a goal on the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans, sea and marine resources has been included in the agenda. The India Clean Seas Conference is a welcoming step in a collaborative effort to achieve this goal.