Dear Industry friends and colleagues,
The global ocean covers 70% of the Earth's surface and is the ultimate SINK.
Ocean does not recognize boundaries and activities that are taking place far away from the high seas, and even land-based activities far inland, can adversely affect the global oceans.
Pollution can travel great distances in the marine environment. The existence of the five gyres, where floating litter concentrates in the middle of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans is a growing concern.
Shri Deepak Shetty is a direct recruit member of the 1980 batch of the Indian Revenue Service (IRS: Customs & Central Excise). He currently holds the rank of Chief Commissioner, Customs, Central Excise & Service Tax, in his cadre/service. He is presently assigned as the Director General of Shipping and Additional Secretary, Directorate General of Shipping, Ministry of Shipping, Govt. of India, at Mumbai, since 01.01.2015.
He has over 35 years of first-hand civil service experience at various Group-A / Class-I levels in the Govt. of India.
Dr. Stefan Micallef graduated with a Ph.D. in marine toxicology from the University of Wales, UK. He started his career with the UN in 1990 as Programme officer at the UNEP/IMO - Regional Marine Pollution Emergency Response Centre for the Mediterranean Sea (REMPEC) based in Malta.
In 2000, he joined UNEP’s Division of Environmental Policy Implementation in Nairobi, Kenya, as Chief of the Disaster Management Branch. In 2004, he moved to the Headquarters of the International Maritime Organization as Head of the Chemical & Air Pollution Prevention Section in the Marine Environment Division.
The ocean makes life on Earth possible. It nourishes our bodies and our souls. It influences our weather, fuels economies and connects distant lands. It is vast, deep, powerful and mysterious. And it’s in trouble. As 70% of the earth is covered with water, people actually assumed that all pollutants would be diluted and get disappeared. But in reality, they have not disappeared.
In present times humankind deliberately disposes waste which enters our oceans indirectly along many different pathways. Human society inevitably generates immense amounts of waste discharging millions of tonnes of problematical substances which eventually ends up in the oceans, polluting it, is a growing cause for concern.
Atlantic Ocean - Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone
The Gulf of Mexico is a basin in the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the gulf coast of the United States, Mexico and Cuba.
Atlantic Ocean - North Atlantic Garbage Patch
This patch was first documented in 1972 and is entirely composed of man-made marine debris floating in the North Atlantic Gyre. Scientists estimate that the North Atlantic Garbage Patch is hundreds of kilometres in size and has a density of 200,000 pieces of trash per square kilometre in some places
Pacific Ocean - Great Pacific Garbage Patch
Located in the northern Pacific Ocean, near the North Pacific Gyre, this collection of marine debris is largely composed of plastic and chemical sludge. This patch is believed to have formed gradually as marine pollution was brought together by ocean currents. The exact size of the patch is unknown, but estimates range from 700,000 sq km (270,000 sq miles) to more than 15 million sq km (5.8 million sq miles).
A garbage patch in the Indian Ocean was discovered in 2010. This patch, mainly formed by plastic debris and chemical sludge, is the third major collection of plastic garbage in the world's oceans. According to the Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX), the Indian Ocean is gravely polluted by plastic debris and chemical runoff, resulting in hypoxia. INDOEX has documented widespread pollution covering about 10 million sq km (3.86 million sq miles).
The Mediterranean is probably the most polluted ocean in the world. The United Nations Environment Programme has estimated that 650,000,000 tons of sewage, 129,000 tons of mineral oil, 60,000 tons of mercury, 3,800 tons of lead and 36,000 tons of phosphates are dumped into the Mediterranean each year.
Overfishing and land-based pollution are high threats to the Baltic Sea, situated between Central and Eastern Europe. Half of the fish species in the Baltic are atlevels below the critical biological level. As it only has a narrow outlet to the ocean - between Sweden and Denmark – its water takes 25-30 years to refresh itself.
Located in the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea is one of the areas most seriously damaged by human activity killing marine life.